What Is a HIPAA-Compliant Fax Cover Sheet?

Healthcare Fax
5 minute read

Imagine if one fax, sent off the cuff, had the power to change the course of your life. Sending a fax transmission that doesn’t follow federal regulations could lead the agent responsible to a fine of up to $50,000, as well as up to a year of jail time. 

And there’s a good reason for this legal restriction within the healthcare industry. If you send a medical record to an unauthorized individual, you could violate patient privacy, leaking sensitive information like their Social Security number to a complete stranger. This means that your errant document could impact not only your life, but also the life of the patient whose medical records you’re faxing. 

Including a HIPAA fax cover sheet whenever you fax sensitive information is the first step toward protecting patient information. Read on to learn more about what a HIPAA-compliant fax cover sheet looks like and how it protects healthcare providers and the people they serve. 

HIPAA Compliance in Faxing 101

Despite changes to tech regulations for healthcare documents, fax services remain one of the best ways to keep medical offices interoperable. Emails — one of the other most popular ways to transmit online documents — can easily be hacked by third parties. Faxing, on the other hand, is inherently more secure, regardless of whether you use a physical fax machine or a HIPAA-compliant cloud faxing service. 

But while fax services can be more secure than other options for transmitting digital documents, they’re not without their own risks. Human error is one of the top reasons fax forms fail to protect personal health information (PHI). For example, the person sending the fax could easily type the wrong fax number. Or the fax recipient could leave the documents on the fax machine for far too long, leaving them vulnerable to the eyes of anyone who might walk by. 

HIPAA Regulations and Protected Health Information

Enacted in 1996, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act has gone through several changes over the years. The core goal of HIPAA, however, remains the same: to safeguard PHI. HIPAA regulations are designed to protect medical providers from lawsuits as well as to protect the clients they serve from having sensitive information released to the wrong people. 

The Role of Faxing in Transmitting PHI

Fax machines may seem like a relic from the past, but in the healthcare industry, they continue to be a widely used tool for sharing critical patient information. When used correctly, fax services are one of the best ways to adhere to HIPAA guidelines while ensuring hospital interoperability. 

One of the key requirements of HIPAA-compliant fax services is the inclusion of a HIPAA fax cover sheet (sometimes referred to as a Privacy Act cover sheet). This document is designed to protect secure documents by including, among other things, a disclaimer explaining that the fax contains PHI. 

As the saying goes, “Locks keep honest people honest.” The same is true for HIPAA fax cover sheet disclaimers. People who otherwise might be tempted to peek at PHI may be dissuaded simply because the document on top of the fax tells them that the information is private. 

Key Components of a HIPAA-Compliant Cover Sheet

HIPAA-compliant cover sheets act as a frontline defense in ensuring the secure transmission of PHI via fax. These cover sheets go beyond traditional printable fax cover sheets by incorporating specific elements to align with HIPAA regulations. 

Some of the top items that need to be included in a HIPAA fax cover sheet are: 

  • A confidentiality statement: This statement explains that the information being faxed is confidential and should not be read by anyone other than the intended party. 
  • Sender and receiver information: This shows who sent the document and who the intended recipient is, which allows the fax to go to the right place without anyone having to do any digging. 
  • Patient identifiers: Similarly, HIPAA fax cover sheets should identify who the patient is so that the medical record is entered into the correct chart. 
  • HIPAA compliance notice: The cover sheet should explain that the included information is protected by HIPAA.

How to Create and Use a HIPAA-Compliant Cover Sheet

Creating a HIPAA-compliant cover sheet can take some work. One of the easiest ways to do it is to start with a traditional fax template and then integrate the features, like patient identifiers and a confidentiality statement, required by federal law. Keep in mind that HIPAA regulations change often. If you’re creating your own fax cover sheet, you may want to run it by a lawyer before using it. 

Another option is to use a HIPAA-compliant fax cover sheet template designed by a trusted online faxing service. Many cloud fax companies offer this service as one of their top features.

If you’re going to use a HIPAA fax cover sheet template, ensure you’re working with a top cloud fax brand. Check with other medical providers in your area to see whom they trust with their secure online faxing or look at online reviews when evaluating a company you’ve never worked with before. 

Best Practices for HIPAA-Compliant Faxing

Sending a HIPAA-compliant fax goes beyond making sure your cover sheet is up to snuff. Other factors to consider include: 

  • Are you using a secure fax service? 
  • Do you have a system in place for monitoring the faxes you send and receive? 
  • Does your IT team conduct regular fax security screenings? 
  • Are the digital faxes transmitted using encryption technology? 

Enhance Healthcare Privacy With Consensus Cloud

If you’re looking to transition away from a manual fax system or want to improve the security of your digital fax transmissions, look no further than Consensus Cloud. Consensus specializes in providing HIPAA-compliant fax services for a myriad of healthcare providers. Among other services, Consensus offers HIPAA-compliant fax cover sheets and online faxing services.

Get started by requesting a demo today.